TENSE

1. Simple Present Tense                

  • Affirmative
  • A.V: Subject + V1/V ‘s’ or ‘es’ + object + ow.

           P.V: Object + am/is/are + V3 + by + subject + ow.

Negative

         A.V: Subject + do/does + not + V1 + object + ow.

         P.V: Object + am/is/are + not + V3 + by + subject+ow.

  • Interrogative

         A.V:  Do/Does + subject+V1+ object + ow?

        P.V: Am/Is/Are + Object + V3 + by + subject + ow?

         2. Present Continuous Tense                

  • Affirmative

           A.V: Subject + am/is/are + V-ing + object + ow.

           P.V: Object + am/is/are + being + V3 + by + subject + ow.

  • Negative

            A.V: Subject + am/is/are + not + V-ing + object + ow.

             P.V: Object + am/is/are + not + being + V3 + by + subject + ow.

  • Interrogative

              A.V:  Am/Is /Are + subject + V-ing + object + ow?

              P.V: Am/Is/Are + Object + not + V3 + by + subject+ow?

3. Present Perfect Tense  

  • Affirmative

              A.V: Subject + have/has + V3 + object + ow.

              P.V: Object + have/has + been + V3 + by + subject + ow.

Negative

           A.V: Subject + have/has + not + V3 + object + ow.

           P.V: Object + have/has + been + V3 + by + subject + ow.          .

  • Interrogative                  

                   A.V: Have/Has + subject + V3 + object + ow?

                   P.V: Have/Has + Object + been + V3 + by + subject + ow?          .

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense                

  • Affirmative

               A.V: Subject + have/has + been + V-ing + object + ow.

                P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

   Negative

            A.V: Subject + have/has + not + been + V-ing + object + ow..

            P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

  • Interrogative 

            A.V: Have/Has + subject + been + V-ing + object + ow?

            P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

5. Simple Past Tense                

  • Affirmative

              A.V: Subject + V2 + object + ow.

P.V: Object + was/were + V3 + by + subject + ow.

      Negative

           A.V: Subject + did + not + V1 + object + ow.

           P.V: Object + was/were + not + V3 + by + subject + ow.

  • Interrogative

                   A.V:  Did + subject + V1 + object + ow?

                  P.V: Was/Were + Object + V3 + by + subject + ow?

        6. Past Continuous Tense                

  • Affirmative

              A.V: Subject + was/were + v-ing + object + ow.

              P.V: Object + was/were + being + V3 + by + subject + ow.

Negative

               A.V: Subject + was/were + not + V-ing + object + ow.

               P.V: Object + was/were + not + being + V3 + by + subject + ow.

  • Interrogative

              A.V:  Was/Were + subject + V-ing + object + ow?

              P.V: Was/Were + Object + not + V3 + by + subject+ow?

           7. Past Perfect Tense                

  • Affirmative

             A.V: Subject + had + V3 + object + ow.

              P.V: Object + had + been + V3 + by + subject + ow.

Negative

              A.V: Subject + had + not + V3 + object + ow.

                 P.V: Object + had + been + V3 + by + subject + ow.          .

  • Interrogative

                   A.V: Had + subject + V3 + object + ow?

                   P.V: Had + Object + been + V3 + by + subject + ow?          .

8. Present Perfect Continuous Tense                

  • Affirmative

                A.V: Subject + had + been + V-ing + object + ow.

                P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

Negative

                A.V: Subject + had + not + been + V-ing + object + ow..

                 P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

  • Interrogative 

                   A.V: Have/Has + subject + been + V-ing + object + ow?

                   P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

9. Simple Future Tense

  • Affirmative

                 A.V: Subject + shall/will + V1 + object + ow.

P.V: Object + shall/will + be + V3 + by + subject + ow.

Negative

           A.V: Subject + shall/will + not + V1 + object + ow.

            P.V: Object + shall/will + not +  be + V3 + by + subject + ow.

  • Interrogative

                   A.V:  Shall/Will + subject+V1+ object + ow?

                   P.V: Shall/Will + Object + be + V3 + by + subject + ow?

10. Future Continuous Tense            

  • Affirmative

                  A.V: Subject + shall/will + be + v-ing + object + ow.

                  P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

Negative

             A.V: Subject + shall/will + not + be + V-ing + object + ow.

             P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

Interrogative 

                   A.V:  Shall/Will + subject + be + V-ing + object + ow?

                   P.V: This tense cannot be converted into passive voice.

11. Future Perfect Tense                

  • Affirmative

                  A.V: Subject + shall/will + have + V3 + object + ow.

                  P.V: Object + shall/will + have + been + V3 + by + subject + ow.

     Negative

                 A.V: Subject + shall/will + not + have + V3 + object + ow.

           P.V: Object + shall/will + not + have + been + V3 + by + subject + ow.          .

  • Interrogative 

                   A.V: Shall/Will + subject + have + V3 + object + ow?

                    P.V: Shall/Will + Object +have + been + V3 + by + subject + ow?

___________________________________________________________

Chaitanya Trivedi (M.A.B.Ed.)

                  

 

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